Environmental Studies

The solutions to the current environmental problems are complex and require teamwork and understanding between specialists and generalists in many disciplines. The Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Studies focuses on the interdisciplinary nature of environmental problem solving at the local, regional and international level. Students can choose from among four (4) concentrations. Throughout their academic studies, students in this program interact with students in the Environmental Science program.

Career Opportunities

Upon completion of this program, the graduates have a great variety of career opportunities available in both the public and private sector. For example, recent graduates hold such positions as teacher, national park naturalist, resource policy planner, Regional Director of International Joint Commission, Director of Environmental Programs for SEMCOG, regional land use planner, public health officer, and director of a public interest group. All students who qualify for graduate school should seriously consider working toward an advanced degree, which is required for most leadership positions.

Internship Program

An important feature of this program is the internship requirement that allows the students to examine possible professional positions in an area of their interest through on-the-job experience. Some of the internships which environmental studies students have had are field analyst for the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, hazardous waste analyst, marine safety inspector with the U.S. Coast Guard, public health sanitarian, researcher for a public interest group, national park naturalist, assistant to a state legislator, director of a community organic garden, summer camp nature director, and assistant analyst in a remote sensing operation.

In addition to the major requirements, students must complete all CASL Degree Requirements.

Prerequisites to the Major

CIS 112Computer Literacy/Info Mgmt 23
BIOL 130Intro Org and Environ Biology4
CHEM 134General Chemistry IA 14
GEOL 118Physical Geology4
Total Credit Hours15

Other lower-level prerequisite courses vary according to upper-level courses students elect to take. Review the list of courses in the Environmental Core Courses and the Concentration Areas to determine the proper prerequisites. Some of the prerequisites may be fulfilled through the Dearborn Discovery Core requirements.

Environmental Core Courses (27-29 hrs)

The graduate in Environmental Studies requires a broad background of knowledge in the Natural Sciences, the Humanities, the Social Sciences, and the Behavioral Sciences as well as interdisciplinary courses which provide a synthesis among disciplines. Students in the program will also have an opportunity to interact with a variety of environmental professionals through seminars and an internship.

BIOL/ESCI 320Field Biology4
ENST/STS 301Concepts of Environmentalism3
ENST 305Env Instrumentation and Analys3
ESCI 301Environmental Science 14
ENST 385Environmental Internship1-3
ENST/ESCI 395Sem on Environmental Issues1
ENST 485Seminar in Environ Topics2
Choose one course from the following (CAVC):3
Environmental Ethics
Env Lit & Reps of Nature
Science and Environmental Journalism
Environmental Filmmaking
Choose two courses from the following (CAES):6
Urban Economics
Cultural Geography
Urban Geography
Economic Geography
Environmental Politics
Anth of Health and Environment
Michigan Geography
Environmental Economics
Ecological Economics
Food Politics and Policy
Justice, Crime and Environment
Comparative Enviro Policy
Total Credit Hours27-29

Major Requirements

Must select one concentration below. A minimum of 18 credit hours of courses chosen from one of the following four Concentration Areas:

Concentration A: Land Resources           

Required Courses
ENST/ESCI 330Land Use Planning and Mgmt4
ENST/GEOL 340Remote Sensing3
ENST/POL 445Environmental Law3
Electives (CALR)
Select from the following (minimum 8 credits required):8
Prehistoric Archaeology
Ecology
Weather and Climate
Landforms
Economic Geography
Environmental Politics
Remote Sensing
Hazardous Waste Management
Intro to GIS
Geomorphology
Environmental Geology
Field Methods 1
Total Credit Hours18

Concentration B: Naturalist

Required Courses
BIOL/ESCI 304Ecology4
ENST/EDD 474Environmental Education3
ENST/EDD 486Environmental Interpretation3
Electives (CANT)
Select from the following (minimum 8 credits required):8
Prehistoric Archaeology
Indians of North America
Medical Anthropology
Plant Ecology
Ornithology
Biology of Spiders
Anth of Health and Environment
Remote Sensing
Env Lit & Reps of Nature
Intro to GIS
Aquatic Ecosystems
Weather and Climate
Landforms
Geomorphology
Field Methods
Behavior in Organization
Human Resource Policy/Admin
Total Credit Hours18

Concentration C: Resources Policy and Management

Prerequisite Courses
ECON 202Prin: Microeconomics3
Required Courses
ENST/POL/STS 325Environmental Politics3
ENST/POL 445Environmental Law3
ENST/ECON 351Environmental Economics3
or ENST 456 Ecological Economics
ESCI/BIOL 304Ecology4
Electives (CARP)
Select from the following (minimum 5 credits required):5
Economic Demography
Economic Geography
Ecological Economics
Food Politics and Policy
Justice, Crime and Environment
Comparative Enviro Policy
Intro to GIS
Hazardous Waste Management
Energy Resources
Political Analysis
Legislative Process
PR for Nonprofit/Public Sector
Biostatistics I 1
Total Credit Hours21

Concentration D: Urban Services

Prerequisite Courses
ECON 201Prin: Macroeconomics3
ECON 202Prin: Microeconomics3
POL 101American Politics3
SOC 200Understanding Society3
Required Courses
ECON 483Urban Economics3
EXPS 410Multicult in School and Soc3
GEOG/ENST 300/STS 308Urban Geography3
POL/CRJ 323Urban Politics3
SOC/AAAS/HUM/HIST 304Studies in Det.Hist. & Culture3
or SOC 435 Urban Sociology
Electives (CAUR)
Select from the following (minimum 3 credits required):3
Race and Evolution
Immigrant Cultures and Gender
Ecology
Environmental Economics
Environmental Law
Ecological Economics
Food Politics and Policy
Justice, Crime and Environment
Hazardous Waste Management
Intro to GIS
Political Analysis
PR for Nonprofit/Public Sector
Poverty and Inequality
Quantitative Research
Total Credit Hours30

Notes:

  1. Some upper level courses in concentrations A, B, C, and D may require additional prerequisites.
  2. Courses used to satisfy ENST core area can also be used to satisfy concentration area requirements.
  3. A maximum of 6 hrs. of independent study/research in any Dept. of Natural Sciences discipline may count towards the 120 hours required to graduate.

Minor or Integrative Studies Concentration Requirements

A minor or concentration consists of 15 credit hours upper-level courses in Environmental Studies (ENST).

  • A minimum GPA of 2.0 is required for the minor/concentration. The GPA is based on all coursework required within the minor (excluding prerequisites).
  • A minimum of 9 credits must be completed at UM-Dearborn for a 12 credit minor/concentration.
  • A minimum of 12 credits must be completed at UM-Dearborn for a 15 or more credit minor/concentration.
  • Courses within a minor/concentration cannot be taken as Pass/Fail (P/F)
  • Only 3 credit hours of independent study or internship may be used to fulfill the requirements for a 12 credit hour minor/concentration.  Only 6 credit hours of such credit may be used in a 15 or more credit hour minor/concentration.
  • Minors requiring 12 credits may share one course with a major. Minors requiring 15 credits or more may share two courses with a major. This does not apply to concentrations for the Integrative Studies major.

Learning Goals

  1. To acquire conceptual and factual knowledge about the structure and function of Earth.
  2. To synthesize knowledge from a variety of disciplines as it comes to bear on environmental issues and problems and thus recognize the interdisciplinary nature of environmental issues.
  3. To identify values, world views, and cultural factors, such as economic, political, social, and behavioral factors, which support, and which are contrary to a sustainable biosphere.
  4. To recognize different world views associated with various disciplinary paradigms and which present obstacles to solutions of environmental issues.
  5. To learn to solve environmental problems through cooperative and collaborative efforts because of the interdisciplinary nature of environmental issues.
  6. To learn to solve environmental problems in a culturally diverse global society.
  7. To read and reflect on scholarly materials written by distinguished scholars.
  8. To produce scholarly products.
  9. To develop analytical skills suitable for environmental problem solving
  10. To develop oral communication skills.
  11. To develop written communication skills.
  12. To develop electronic communication skills.
  13. To have an experience in the world of work related to environmental problem-solving before graduation so that students can compare perceptions of their chosen field with the reality in the workplace and to make personal connections with environmental professionals.
  14. To learn the value of mentors and mentoring others in building a successful career and sustainable society.

ENST 201     Cultural Geography     3 Credit Hours

Overview of the major components of culture such as language, religion, agriculture, settlement patterns, and related landscape features in a spatial context. Emphasis on how various cultures perceive and interact with the environment. (F).

ENST 203     Weather and Climate     3 Credit Hours

The controls and conditions of Earth's weather and climate including atmospheric circulation, precipitation processes, severe weather, climatic regions, and climatic change. (F).

ENST 204     Landforms     3 Credit Hours

Processes and agents that shape the landscapes and landforms of the Earth's surface. The discussion of landforms is divided into two parts: (1) constructive processes and their spatial distribution and (2) gradational processes and their spatial distribution. (W).

ENST 300     Urban Geography     3 Credit Hours

The geography of human settlement and urbanization. Particular emphasis is placed on human transformation of the physical environment, and resource use throughout history from ancient civilizations to modern megalopolises. Universal urban challenges such as sprawl, pollution, congestion, crime, poverty, etc., are addressed. (W).

ENST 301     Concepts of Environmentalism     3 Credit Hours

Designed to identify the underlying concepts of any environmental issue. The course will demonstrate the interdisciplinary nature of environmental problems solving through current readings, classical monographs and films. Students will conduct a system analysis of a household and a local community. This course will not be open to students who take ENST 105. (W).

ENST 305     Env Instrumentation and Analys     3 Credit Hours

This course will survey the parameters which must be measured in order to properly assess the environment. Methods for the analysis of the biophysical as well as the social, psychological, and political environment will be studied. (W).

Prerequisite(s): ENST 301

ENST 310     Economic Geography     3 Credit Hours

Spatial aspects of the ways people make their living. Discussion of the spatial distribution of resources and wealth at various scales. Introduction of site selection and location analysis. (W).

ENST 312     Environmental Ethics     3 Credit Hours

The relationship of human beings to the non-human environment raises pressing moral and political issues. This course will use the theories and concepts of philosophical ethics to explore such questions as human obligations to non-human animals; the preservation of wilderness; balancing economic, aesthetic, and spiritual values; and the problems of pollution, urban sprawl, and ecological justice. Prerequisite or permission of instructor. (YR).

Prerequisite(s): PHIL 100 or PHIL 233 or PHIL 240* or CRJ 240 or ENST 105 or ENST 301

ENST 320     Global Climate Change     3 Credit Hours

This course explores concepts and current thinking on global climate change and environmental impacts. It covers the history of Earth's climate, causes of climate change and current research attempting to forecast change. The biotic, economic, and social implications of climate change are discussed. (AY)

Restriction(s):
Can enroll if Class is Freshman or Sophomore or Junior or Senior

ENST 325     Environmental Politics     3 Credit Hours

This course will examine the process of policy making on environmental and energy problems at the global level, at the national level, and at the local level. (AY).

ENST 326     Anth of Health and Environment     3 Credit Hours

Cultural conflicts over pollution, disease etiology, development and natural resources often originate and are played out in local ecosystems. Anthropologists are increasingly becoming involved as researchers, developers, and activists in these cultural strifes. This course reviews the work of environmental and medical anthropologists as well as other critical scholars who unravel the values, meanings and ideologies associated with ecological issues in given localities. Drawing on theoretical advances in critical medical anthropology, environmental anthropology and applied anthropology, the course seeks to improve the knowledge and abilities of student anthropologists in their environmental health work.

ENST 330     Land Use Planning and Mgmt     4 Credit Hours

Environmental aspects of land use planning, park planning, and site planning. Consideration of soils, groundwater, topography, and sensitive natural features and their role in determining land-use suitability. Examination of the mechanics and effectiveness of the planning process. Lecture and recitation. (AY).

Prerequisite(s): ESCI 275 or (BIOL 130 and GEOL 118)

ENST 334     Science and Environmental Journalism     3 Credit Hours

This course introduces the practice and theory of science and environmental journalism. Students report and write short science and environmental articles across a variety of media. They also examine the history, ethics and politics of environmental and science journalism and isolate a relevant issue as the focus of a research project, which will later generate a longer science/environment feature story. After instructor critique, students revise all work and submit a final ePortfolio. (W).

Prerequisite(s): JASS 2015

Restriction(s):
Can enroll if Class is Freshman or Sophomore or Junior or Senior

ENST 340     Remote Sensing     3 Credit Hours

This course explores the acquisition, processing, and visualization of remotely derived data, with a particular emphasis on local and environmental applications. ENST 340 covers concepts and foundations of aerial and orbital remote sensing, visual interpretation, reflectance and emission spectroscopy, active and passive sensors, topography, and digital image processing software and techniques.

Restriction(s):
Can enroll if Class is Junior or Senior or Graduate

ENST 351     Environmental Economics     3 Credit Hours

This course examines the economic aspects of pollution problems. Topics covered include the economic theory of externalities, the theory of the commons, the theory of public goods, and the optimum use of depletable natural resources. The role of cost-benefit analysis as an intricate part of the decision-making process will also be thoroughly examined. (AY).

Prerequisite(s): ECON 202

ENST 385     Environmental Internship     1 to 9 Credit Hours

A field assignment relating to the student's environmental interests. The student will work in an off-campus government or private business for a prescribed number of hours each week to be arranged by the advisor and employer. May be repeated up to three times. Written permission of instructor. (F, W, S, YR).

Restriction(s):
Can enroll if Class is Junior or Senior or Graduate

ENST 390     Topics in Environmental Stds     1 to 9 Credit Hours

Examination of problems and issues in selected areas of environmental studies. Title listed in the Schedule of Classes will change according to the content. Course may be repeated for credit when specific topics differ.

ENST 395     Sem on Environmental Issues     1 Credit Hour

Readings, discussions, and presentations which examine current environmental issues. One hour seminar. Written permission of instructor. (YR).

ENST 445     Environmental Law     3 Credit Hours

A survey of common law theories and analysis of environmental statutes from a functional perspective. The course also includes environmental law aspects of constitutional law, administrative law and criminal law, as well as the public trust doctrine and public lands. Student cannot receive credit for both ENST 350 and ENST/POL 445.

Restriction(s):
Cannot enroll if Class is Freshman or Sophomore
Can enroll if Level is Undergraduate

ENST 456     Ecological Economics     3 Credit Hours

A review of major theories and issues concerning the relationship between ecological and economic systems. Topics include these questions: What is the purpose of economics activity? How important is the preservation of the natural world compared to the production of economic goods? How do principles of social and intergenerational equity affect the use of resources and choice of goods to be produced? The course utilizes a transdisciplinary approach in the development of new models where conventional economics and ecology alone have been ineffective in addressing questions of sustainability and equity. (AY).

Prerequisite(s): (ECON 201* or ECON 202*) and ENST 301*

Restriction(s):
Can enroll if Class is Junior or Senior
Can enroll if Level is Undergraduate

ENST 467     Food Politics and Policy     3 Credit Hours

How do politics affect our food at the global, national and urban/local scale? This course examines close historical relationships between politics and food; the politics of conventional agriculture and food policy; and alternative agriculture movements and food systems, with a particular emphasis on urban food policy and urban food systems.

ENST 474     Environmental Education     2 to 3 Credit Hours

An analysis of environmental education at both the elementary and secondary school level particularly stressing the environment as a teaching resource. Community resources as they relate to environmental education also are investigated.

Prerequisite(s): Apprenticeship I, TCERT Admit with a score of 1 and Minimum GPA with a score of 2.75 and MTTC Basic Math with a score of P and MTTC Basic Reading with a score of P and MTTC Basic Writing with a score of P and (Composition Placement Score with a score of 40 or Composition Placement Score with a score of 107 or COMP 105 or COMP 110 or COMP 280 or COMP 270)

Restriction(s):
Can enroll if Class is Undergrad Certification only or Post-baccalaureate Cert only or Junior or Senior

ENST 483     Justice, Crime and Environment     3 Credit Hours

This service-learning course focuses on environmental justice and law. Environmental Justice is defined as the fair treatment of all people with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws. In the classroom, students learn the theory, history, and enforcement of environmental laws and regulations in Detroit, Michigan, and nationwide. In a required civic engagement project, students apply their substantive knowledge to solve local environmental problems. Through classroom learning and projects with community organizations, students connect law and justice concerns to Detroit's environmental problems.

Restriction(s):
Can enroll if Class is Junior or Senior

ENST 485     Seminar in Environ Topics     2 Credit Hours

A seminar course taken during the student's senior year to provide an opportunity for students with diverse environmental interests to interact and synthesize the information and skills acquired during their previous studies. (W).

ENST 486     Environmental Interpretation     2 to 3 Credit Hours

Course deals with the interpretation of the environment, its characteristics, and its presentation to school groups as well as to the general public. Intended to acquaint students with a variety of skills and techniques necessary for interpreting the environment to others. Extensive use is made of the UM-Dearborn Environmental Study Area. (AY).

ENST 487     Comparative Enviro Policy     3 Credit Hours

This course explores environmental policy as a result of political processes involving diverse participants and entailing movement through several stages - from defining an issue as an environmental problem to placing it on political agenda and then receiving a response at domestic governmental or international levels. This course analyzes environmental issues from a cross-cultural and comparative perspective, with a particular attention given to political institutions, political change, levels of development, political culture, public participation, and international commitments that shape the nature and dynamics of environmental politics and policy in different countries. Course POL 101 is recommended before taking this course.

Restriction(s):
Cannot enroll if Class is Freshman or Sophomore

ENST 488     Env Lit & Reps of Nature     3 Credit Hours

An interdisciplinary study of the ways in which the relationship between "nature" and humankind has been represented in literature and other forms of cultural expression. Emphasis on American and British texts of the 19th centuries, but assigned materials may include readings from other cultures and historical periods.

Prerequisite(s): (COMP 106 or Composition Placement Score with a score of 40 or Composition Placement Score with a score of 107 or COMP 220 or COMP 280 or COMP 270) and (ENGL 230 or ENGL 200 or ENGL 231 or ENGL 232 or ENGL 233 or ENGL 235 or ENGL 236 or ENGL 237 or ENGL 239 or ENGL 205 or ENGL 206 or ENGL 238)

ENST 490     Dir Research in Envir Studies     1 to 6 Credit Hours

This course will provide students with an opportunity to conduct an independent research investigation on topics in environmental studies under the direction of various faculty members. The results will be presented in a paper and public seminar. May be repeated.

ENST 491     Topics in Environmental St     3 Credit Hours

The examination of problems and issues in selected areas of environmental studies. The title listed in the Schedule of Classes will change according to the content. The course may be repeated for credit when the specific topic differs. Also offered for graduate credit. (OC).

ENST 491B     Topics in Environmentl Studies     3 Credit Hours

TOPIC: Comparative Environmental Policy. This course explores environmental policy as a result of political processes involving diverse participants and entailing movement through several stages---from defining an issue as an environmental problem to placing it on political agendas and then receiving a response at domestic governmental or international levels. This course will analyze various levels at which environmental issues occur and are being addressed politically.

ENST 491C     Sustainable Cities     3 Credit Hours

In 2007, for the first time in human history, the world became an urban one with more than 50 percent of its population living in cities. The unseen influx of people into cities presents socio-ecological challenges of increasing scale. This course is a discussion of sustainability and resilience efforts (solutions-focused) in cities around the follows a multi-disciplinary approach by integrating urban-focused concepts from history, sociology, ecology, geography, and architecture and planning. Topic include, for example, air pollution and climate change, sprawl and smart growth, alternative energy, public transportation, waste management, water management, green architecture, environmental and social (in)justice, cultural diversity, and forestry and farming.

ENST 497     Seminar in Environmental Sci     1 Credit Hour

Readings, discussions and presentation of research in selected areas of study. One hour seminar.

ENST 498     Independent Study     1 to 3 Credit Hours

Readings or analytical assignments in accordance with the needs and interests of those enrolled and agreed upon by the student and instructor, which shall not duplicate a formal course offering. Permission of instructor.

ENST 499     Independent Study     1 to 3 Credit Hours

Readings or analytical assignments in accordance with the needs and interests of those enrolled and agreed upon by the student and instructor, which shall not duplicate a formal course offering. Permission of instructor.