Alcohol and Drug Prevention Program Policy
This policy is intended to educate members of the University community about the health risks associated with the use and abuse of alcohol and other drugs and about the resources available for counseling and therapy. In addition, in order to assure a work and learning environment that promotes the University's mission and proper function, the University prohibits unlawful possession, use, or distribution of alcohol or illicit drugs by faculty, staff, or students on University property or as a part of any University activity. Federal and state sanctions also apply to such conduct.
The use or abuse of alcohol and other drugs increases the risk for a number of health-related and other medical, behavioral, and social problems. These include acute health problems related to intoxication or overdose (blackouts, convulsions, coma, death); physical and psychological dependence; malnutrition; long-term health problems including cirrhosis of the liver, organic brain damage, high blood pressure, heart diseases, ulcers, and cancer of the liver, mouth, throat, stomach; contracting diseases, such as AIDS; through the sharing of hypodermic needles; pregnancy problems including miscarriages, stillbirths, and learning disabilities; fetal alcohol syndrome (physical and mental birth defects); psychological or psychiatric problems; diminish behavior (hangovers, hallucinations, disorientation, slurred speech); unusual or inappropriate risk-taking that may result in physical or emotional injury or death; violent behavior toward others, such as assaults and rape; accidents caused by operating machinery while impaired; impaired driving resulting in alcohol and drug-related arrests, traffic accidents, injuries, and fatalities; negative effects on academic or work performance; conflicts with co-workers, classmates, families, friends, and others; and conduct problems resulting in disciplinary actions, including loss of employment; and legal problems, including imprisonment.
Counseling and Treatment Programs
The University of Michigan encourages individuals with alcohol- or drug-related problems to seek assistance by contacting Counseling and Support Services, 2157 UC, 313-593-5430. This office can also provide additional information on local, state, and national resources for those seeking assistance.
Unlawful possession, use, or distribution of alcohol or illicit drugs by faculty, staff, or students on University property or as a part of any University activity may lead to sanctions within the University, the severity of which shall increase as the seriousness of the violation increases.
- Verbal or written reprimand;
- Completion of an appropriate rehabilitation program;
- A disciplinary warning, with notice that repetition of the offense or continuation of the offense may result in a more serious sanction;
- Suspension from the University (student) or from employment (employee) from a specified University activity or facility for a fixed period of time or until completion of specified conditions, such as completion of an appropriate rehabilitation program;
- Expulsion from the University (student) or termination of employment (faculty or staff); and/or
- Other appropriate sanctions.
Sanctions for violations by faculty and staff shall be imposed pursuant to existing procedures applicable to acts of misconduct (e.g., Regental Bylaw 5.09, Standard Practice Guide 201.12, and appropriate collective bargaining agreements). Sanctions for violations by students shall be imposed pursuant to the UMDearborn Student Code of Non-Academic Conduct or pursuant to other approved procedures. Copies of the applicable student procedures are available at the Office of Enrollment Management and Student Life, 1060 Administration Building.
Unlawful possession and use or distribution of alcohol or illicit drugs may lead to referral to the appropriate local, state, and/or federal authorities for prosecution for a misdemeanor or a felony, depending on the nature of the offense. The sanctions for such offenses may include fines and/or imprisonment.
For example, under federal laws, trafficking drugs such as heroin or cocaine may result in sanctions up to and including life imprisonment for a first offense involving 100 grams or more. Fines for such an offense can reach $4 million. Offenses involving lesser amounts, 10 grams, may result in sanctions up to and including 20 years of imprisonment and/or fines of up to $2 million. A first offense for trafficking marijuana may lead to sanctions up to life imprisonment for offenses involving 1,000 kilograms or more or up to five years of imprisonment for an offense involving less than 50 kilograms. Such an offense carries with it fines that can reach $4 million for an individual offender. Federal and state sanctions for illegal possession of controlled substances range from up to one year of imprisonment and up to $100,000 in fines to three years of imprisonment and $250,000 in fines for repeat offenders. Under Michigan laws, use of marijuana is a misdemeanor punishable by up to 90 days in jail and a $100 fine. Delivery of marijuana is a felony punishable by up to four years of imprisonment and up to $2,000 in fines. Violations may also lead to forfeiture of personal and real property and denial of federal benefits, such as grants, contracts and student loans.
The State of Michigan may impose a wide range of sanctions for alcohol-related offenses. For example, a first drunk-driving offense may be punishable by up to 90 days in jail, a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $500, a suspended license for not less than six months nor more than two years, and attendance at a substance abuse program. Subsequent offenses can lead to significantly increased sanctions. The vehicle of a minor transporting alcohol may be impounded for up to 30 days. Furnishing or using fraudulent identification to obtain alcohol may be punishable by up to 90 days in jail and a $100 fine.
More detailed descriptions of sanctions related to these and other drug and alcohol offenses are available in the libraries; at the personnel centers and offices; at the Office of the Vice President for Student Services, Room 3000, Michigan Union, Ann Arbor; at the Office of Student Affairs, 1060 Administration Building, Dearborn; and at the Office of the Dean for Student Services, 375 University Center, Flint.
On September 1, 1995, the Michigan Legislature expanded the law concerning minors and alcohol possession, consumption, and purchase. A minor is anyone under the age of 21. The minor may be required to submit to a preliminary chemical breath test and may be subject to suspension of his/her driver’s license even if he/she was not in an automobile at the time of the arrest. In addition, it is now a misdemeanor, not a civil infraction, for a minor to attempt to possess, consume, or purchase alcohol. If the underage person is less than 18 years of age, the agency charging him/her must notify the parents or guardian within 48 hours.
Employee Reporting Requirement
Under the Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988, in addition to the other requirement of this policy, a faculty or staff member who works in any capacity under a federal grant or contract must notify his or her University supervisor or department head, in writing, of his or her conviction for a violation of any criminal drug statue occurring in the workplace no later than five calendar days after such conviction. This applies to direct charge employees and to the indirect charge employees who perform any support of overhead functions related to the grant. The supervisor or department head must then promptly report the violation to the General Counsel’s Office.
Distribution of Policy
A copy of this policy statement shall be distributed annually to all faculty, staff and students.
Review of University Program and Policy
Biennially, the University shall review its "Alcohol and Drugs Prevention Program Policy on Alcohol and Drugs" to determine the program's and policy's effectiveness and implement changes, if needed, and to ensure that the University's disciplinary sanctions are consistently enforced.