Grades and Grading

Grading System

The method of grading graduate students is the letter grade system (A, B, C, D, E). Courses in which grades of D, E, or U are earned cannot be used in fulfillment of degree requirements.

Grades of + and - may be given to graduate students whenever such fineness of discrimination is possible. These letter grades are translated into honor points for each hour of credit in a course as follows:

Letter Grade Honor Points
A,A+4.0
A-3.7
B+3.3
B3.0
B-2.7
C+2.3
C2.0
C-1.7
D+1.3
D1.0
D-0.7
E0.0

The honor points earned for a course are calculated by multiplying the number of credit hours for which the course was elected by the number of honor points earned on the above grading scale (e.g., if a grade of B+ is earned for a 3 credit hour course, the total number of honor points for the course is 3 credit hours times 6, or 18 honor points).

Symbols used in the grade reporting system common to all units are: F, failed (pass/fail option election); I, incomplete; NR, grade not reported; P, passed (pass/fail option election); S, satisfactory (courses graded S/E only); NC, no credit; VI, audit; W, withdrawal; X, absent from final examination; Y, indicates the course extends beyond the term.

For more information, refer to the individual unit section in this Catalog.

Repeating Courses

Courses in which a grade of C+, C or C- has been received may be repeated by students in the graduate programs. Grades and honor points for the original course and the repeated course will both appear on the student’s transcript and be used in computing the student’s grade point average; however, additional credit toward program will not be awarded for the repeated course. Courses in which grades of B- or above have been received may not be repeated by students enrolled in the graduate programs.

Change of Grades

The grade that an instructor records on the final grade sheet and that appears on the student's subsequent transcript is assumed to be final; that is, the instructor's official evaluation of all of a student's performance and work completed by the official end of the term (the last day of the final examination week).

Recognizing that mistakes can be made, the UM-Dearborn permits a student to ask an instructor for a review of a grade within the four-month period after the end of the term involved. After a four-month period has passed, a student may initiate a request for a review only through the petition process involving the student's School or College Academic Standards Committee (or comparable group), whose decision shall be final. Such a review is entirely separate and distinct from the circumstances involving an I (Incomplete), or X (for a missed final examination), or a Y (used only in a few special kinds of courses); these three marks are explained elsewhere in this Catalog. For programs offered through the Rackham School of Graduate Studies, grade change petitions are subject to approval by the chair of the UCDC Graduate Subcommittee, who also serves on the Rackham Executive Board.

Incomplete Coursework

Please refer to the individual unit sections in this Catalog for specific unit incomplete coursework policies.

A student whose coursework for the term (other than final examination) is incomplete in a minor way may, upon completion and approval of the I Contract Form, be granted the privilege of completing the work. If granted this privilege, a grade of I will be recorded. Failure to complete the required work within the specified time, or the denial of this privilege by the instructor, will result in a grade of E for the final grade. In extenuating circumstances an extension beyond the stated period may be requested by means of a petition. Failure to complete the required work within the specified time will result in a grade of I being automatically treated as an IE and counted in the student's grade point average. The I will remain on the transcript even after the official final grade is assigned.

Absence from Final Examination

A student who is unavoidably absent from a final examination may, upon timely completion and approval, be granted the privilege of making up the examination within five weeks after the closing date of the term involved. If granted this privilege, a mark of X will be recorded. Failure to take the examination within the specified time, or the denial of this privilege by the instructor, will result in a grade of E for the final grade. In extenuating circumstances an extension beyond the stated period may be requested by means of a petition that has been endorsed by the instructor. However, such arrangements for completing the work must be made within the above five-week period. The grade of X will automatically be converted to XE and reflected in the student's grade point average as a failing grade if the Supplementary Grade Report is not submitted by the end of the five-week period.

Course Extends Beyond Term

A mark of Y indicates that a course extends beyond the end of one term. This mark is only used for courses that have been specially designed and approved to extend beyond the end of one term. A course with a Y mark may not be completed after graduation. If such a course is not completed, the Y will be converted to an E upon graduation.